Carbon Monoxide Detectors
New Kent County Residents: You are eligible for a FREE CO detector from New Kent Fire Rescue!
Contact the Fire Marshal Office of New Kent Fire-Rescue for more information.
Often called the silent killer, carbon monoxide is an invisible, odorless, colorless gas created when fuels (such as gasoline, wood, coal, natural gas, propane, oil, and methane) burn incompletely. In the home, heating and cooking equipment that burn fuel are potential sources of carbon monoxide. Vehicles or generators running in an attached garage can also produce dangerous levels of carbon monoxide.
Facts & figures
- In 2005, U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated 61,100 non-fire CO incidents in which carbon monoxide was found, or an average of seven such calls per hour. The number of incidents increased 18 percent from 51,700 incidents reported in 2003. This increase is most likely due to the increased use of CO detectors, which alert people to the presence of CO.
Symptoms of CO poisoning
CO enters the body through breathing. CO poisoning can be confused with flu symptoms, food poisoning, and other illnesses. Some symptoms include shortness of breath, nausea, dizziness, light headedness, or headaches. High levels of CO can be fatal, causing death within minutes.
The concentration of CO, measured in parts per million (ppm) is a determining factor in the symptoms for an average, healthy adult.
- 50 ppm: No adverse effects with eight hours of exposure.
- 200 ppm: Mild headache after two to three hours of exposure.
- 400 ppm: Headache and nausea after one to two hours of exposure.
- 800 ppm: Headache, nausea, and dizziness after 45 minutes; collapse and unconsciousness after one hour of exposure.
- 1,000 ppm: Loss of consciousness after one hour of exposure.
- 1,600 ppm: Headache, nausea, and dizziness after 20 minutes of exposure.
- 3,200 ppm: Headache, nausea, and dizziness after 5-10 minutes; collapse and unconsciousness after 30 minutes of exposure.
- 6,400 ppm: Headache and dizziness after one to two minutes; unconsciousness and danger of death after 10-15 minutes of exposure.
- 12,800 ppm: Immediate physiological effects, unconsciousness and danger of death after one to three minutes of exposure.
- CO alarms should be installed in a central location outside each sleeping area and on every level of the home and in other locations where required by applicable laws, codes, or standards. For the best protection, interconnect all CO alarms throughout the home. When one sounds, they all sound.
- Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for placement and mounting height.
- Choose a CO alarm that has the label of a recognized testing laboratory.
- Call your local fire department’s non-emergency number to find out what number to call if the CO alarm sounds.
- Test CO alarms at least once a month; replace them according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
- If the audible trouble signal sounds, check for low batteries. If the battery is low, replace it. If it still sounds, call the fire department.
- If the CO alarm sounds, immediately move to a fresh air location outdoors or by an open window or door. Make sure everyone inside the home is accounted for. Call for help from a fresh air location and stay there until emergency personnel arrive.
- If you need to warm a vehicle, remove it from the garage immediately after starting it. Do not run a vehicle or other fueled engine or motor indoors, even if garage doors are open. Make sure the exhaust pipe of a running vehicle is not covered with snow.
- During and after a snowstorm, make sure vents for the dryer, furnace, stove, and fireplace are clear of snow build-up.
- A generator should be used in a well-ventilated location outdoors away from windows, doors, and vent openings.
- Gas or charcoal grills can produce CO — only use outside.
Click here to access NFPA’s Web site with information about CO detectors and why they are so important today.
Visit the DEQ Air Quality Forecasting webpage to view the current day’s forecast for metropolitan areas across the state. Once linked to that page, move your mouse pointer over the cells in the displayed Table for pop-up information and definitions. Move your mouse pointer over the AQI color key under the Table for pop-ups that provide additional information on each index rating: Good (green); Moderate (yellow); Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups (orange); Unhealthy (red); Very Unhealthy (magenta); and Hazardous (dark red).
BE AWARE that during the hot and humid months of SUMMER pollutants, especially in and near large metropolitan areas, can impair daily air quality and lead to negative health effects for populations with breathing related issues, and in more extreme circumstances, even the general public.
Links to additional resources and information are available by moving your mouse pointer over the words in the grey navigation bar at the top of DEQ Air Quality Forecasting page.
History teaches that a lack of hurricane awareness and preparation are common threads among all major hurricane disasters. By knowing your vulnerability and what actions you should take, you can reduce the effects of a hurricane disaster.
This year NOAA has divided Hurricane Preparedness Week into five topics; Overview, Hurricane Hazards (Storm Surge, Winds, Inland Flooding), Forecast, Prepare, and Act. For each topic point they have created an informational video all of which are posted to YouTube. The following links will allow you to watch the video on each days topic. The links are also available from the National Hurricane Center site link above.
Sunday, May 25: Hurricane Basics | Monday, May 26: Storm Surge | Tuesday, May 27: Winds | Wednesday, May 28: Inland Flooding | Thursday, May 29: Forecast Process | Friday, May 30: Get a Plan | Saturday May 31: Take Action
Follow the Virginia Department of Emergency Management (VDEM) on facebook to stay connected and informed about emergency situations and related information and notices affecting all parts of the Commonwealth of Virginia, including New Kent County, the Richmond Metropolitan Area and Surrounding Counties as well as Hampton Roads and Virginia Beach.
Online Resources to Learn More Information
→ FEMA’s Resolve to Be Ready campaign webpage
→ To learn about these tools in Spanish: Propóngase estar listo en el año 2014
→ FEMA’s Resolve to Be Ready online PDF template “Family Communication”; a form-fillable/printable document for recording important relevent family member contact information
→ FEMA’s Resolve to Be Ready “Emergency Checklist” (printable PDF)
FireSafe Family VA presented by Virginia’s Department of Fire Programs
A new home fire safety mobile application available as a free download for your iPhone, iPad and Android mobile devices. Download your free copy today!
Use the links below for more information:
Heat is one of the leading weather-related killer in the United States, resulting in hundreds of fatalities each year. Use the following weblinks to learn more about the dangers of extreme heat and steps you can take to stay safe when working and playing in our summer weather.
Register today for New Kent County’s rapid emergency notification system to be, and keep, informed in the event of a weather-related emergency, a missing child alert or any other emergency situation affecting/impacting our area. Registering your contact information takes little time and can be done securely from New Kent’s Community Notification Enrollment webpage. With the 2013 tornado season already very active and the 2013 Atlantic hurricane season just now starting, be proactive and enroll in CodeRED® to ensure you’re in the know when an emergency strikes.
Be Mobile Ready
The Ready Virginia mobile app, created by the Virginia Department of Emergency Management is an interactive tool that makes it easier than ever to be prepared for emergencies. The free app for iPhone® and Android™ devices provides emergency planning and guidance and other robust features not previously available in any mobile application.
Interested in volunteering with New Kent Fire-Rescue Fire? Fill out a Volunteer Application and then join us at our monthly orientation.
September is National Preparedness Month. Pledge to Prepare by joining the National Preparedness Coalition now! Empower yourself and help coordinate preparedness activities for your family, neighbors and co-workers, and those with whom you may study or worship.
CHECK THIS OUT…
Please read these important tips to keep you, your families, and your neighbors safe, this 4th of July.
|September - 2014|
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New Kent Fire-Rescue
PO Box 209
New Kent, Virginia 23124