Carbon Monoxide Detectors
New Kent County Residents: You are eligible for a FREE CO detector from New Kent Fire Rescue!
Contact the Fire Marshal Office of New Kent Fire-Rescue for more information.
Often called the silent killer, carbon monoxide is an invisible, odorless, colorless gas created when fuels (such as gasoline, wood, coal, natural gas, propane, oil, and methane) burn incompletely. In the home, heating and cooking equipment that burn fuel are potential sources of carbon monoxide. Vehicles or generators running in an attached garage can also produce dangerous levels of carbon monoxide.
Facts & figures
- In 2005, U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated 61,100 non-fire CO incidents in which carbon monoxide was found, or an average of seven such calls per hour. The number of incidents increased 18 percent from 51,700 incidents reported in 2003. This increase is most likely due to the increased use of CO detectors, which alert people to the presence of CO.
Symptoms of CO poisoning
CO enters the body through breathing. CO poisoning can be confused with flu symptoms, food poisoning, and other illnesses. Some symptoms include shortness of breath, nausea, dizziness, light headedness, or headaches. High levels of CO can be fatal, causing death within minutes.
The concentration of CO, measured in parts per million (ppm) is a determining factor in the symptoms for an average, healthy adult.
- 50 ppm: No adverse effects with eight hours of exposure.
- 200 ppm: Mild headache after two to three hours of exposure.
- 400 ppm: Headache and nausea after one to two hours of exposure.
- 800 ppm: Headache, nausea, and dizziness after 45 minutes; collapse and unconsciousness after one hour of exposure.
- 1,000 ppm: Loss of consciousness after one hour of exposure.
- 1,600 ppm: Headache, nausea, and dizziness after 20 minutes of exposure.
- 3,200 ppm: Headache, nausea, and dizziness after 5-10 minutes; collapse and unconsciousness after 30 minutes of exposure.
- 6,400 ppm: Headache and dizziness after one to two minutes; unconsciousness and danger of death after 10-15 minutes of exposure.
- 12,800 ppm: Immediate physiological effects, unconsciousness and danger of death after one to three minutes of exposure.
- CO alarms should be installed in a central location outside each sleeping area and on every level of the home and in other locations where required by applicable laws, codes, or standards. For the best protection, interconnect all CO alarms throughout the home. When one sounds, they all sound.
- Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for placement and mounting height.
- Choose a CO alarm that has the label of a recognized testing laboratory.
- Call your local fire department’s non-emergency number to find out what number to call if the CO alarm sounds.
- Test CO alarms at least once a month; replace them according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
- If the audible trouble signal sounds, check for low batteries. If the battery is low, replace it. If it still sounds, call the fire department.
- If the CO alarm sounds, immediately move to a fresh air location outdoors or by an open window or door. Make sure everyone inside the home is accounted for. Call for help from a fresh air location and stay there until emergency personnel arrive.
- If you need to warm a vehicle, remove it from the garage immediately after starting it. Do not run a vehicle or other fueled engine or motor indoors, even if garage doors are open. Make sure the exhaust pipe of a running vehicle is not covered with snow.
- During and after a snowstorm, make sure vents for the dryer, furnace, stove, and fireplace are clear of snow build-up.
- A generator should be used in a well-ventilated location outdoors away from windows, doors, and vent openings.
- Gas or charcoal grills can produce CO — only use outside.
Click here to access NFPA’s Web site with information about CO detectors and why they are so important today.
Online Resources to Learn More Information
→ FEMA’s Resolve to Be Ready campaign webpage
→ To learn about these tools in Spanish: Propóngase estar listo en el año 2014
→ FEMA’s Resolve to Be Ready online PDF template “Family Communication”; a form-fillable/printable document for recording important relevent family member contact information
→ FEMA’s Resolve to Be Ready “Emergency Checklist” (printable PDF)
FireSafe Family VA presented by Virginia’s Department of Fire Programs
A new home fire safety mobile application available as a free download for your iPhone, iPad and Android mobile devices. Download your free copy today!
Use the links below for more information:
Register today for New Kent County’s rapid emergency notification system to be, and keep, informed in the event of a weather-related emergency, a missing child alert or any other emergency situation affecting/impacting our area. Registering your contact information takes little time and can be done securely from New Kent’s Community Notification Enrollment webpage. With the 2013 tornado season already very active and the 2013 Atlantic hurricane season just now starting, be proactive and enroll in CodeRED® to ensure you’re in the know when an emergency strikes.
Be Mobile Ready
The Ready Virginia mobile app, created by the Virginia Department of Emergency Management is an interactive tool that makes it easier than ever to be prepared for emergencies. The free app for iPhone® and Android™ devices provides emergency planning and guidance and other robust features not previously available in any mobile application.
Interested in volunteering with New Kent Fire-Rescue Fire? Fill out a Volunteer Application and then join us at our monthly orientation.
The next scheduled New Volunteer Member Orientations are Thursday, November 13, 2014 and Wednesday, December 10, 2014. Attendance at only one of the orientations is required. The start time and locations for each date is 7:00 PM at Fire Station 1 (Providence Forge) in the facility training room.
Check out these informative SAFETY TIP SHEETS from the National Fire Protection Association and help keep yourself and your family safe this winter and holiday season. Christmas Tree Safety | Winter Holiday Safety | 10 Winter Tips | Heating Safety | Candle Safety
September is National Preparedness Month. Pledge to Prepare by joining the National Preparedness Coalition now! Empower yourself and help coordinate preparedness activities for your family, neighbors and co-workers, and those with whom you may study or worship.
As you deck the halls this holiday season, be fire smart. Click Here for information from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) on ways you can be safety conscious if your home’s decorations include having a real Christmas Tree.
As the days of late Autumn slowly give way to Winter and seasonally cold outdoor temperatures, people will turn to various means of heating their home. When those means involve fireplaces, wood stoves, kerosene heaters, and/or electric space heaters it is important they remember to observe and practice good safety. Click Here for home heating safety tips that the Virginia Department of Fire Programs and New Kent Fire-Rescue encourage Virginia residents to follow.
|December - 2014|
Copyright © 2014
New Kent Fire-Rescue
PO Box 209
New Kent, Virginia 23124